Submitted for Publication: June 3, 2011; accepted July 31, 2011.
Author Contributions: Drs Marzouk, Nathawad, Hammerschlag, and Goldstein had full access to all the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis. Study concept and design: Hammerschlag and Goldstein. Acquisition of data: Marzouk, Nathawad, and Bachman. Analysis and interpretation of data: Marzouk, Nathawad, Hammerschlag, Weedon, and Goldstein. Drafting of the manuscript: Marzouk and Goldstein. Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Nathawad, Hammerschlag, Weedon, and Bachman. Statistical analysis: Weedon. Obtained funding: Goldstein. Administrative, technical, and material support: Bachman. Study supervision: Hammerschlag and Goldstein.
Financial Disclosure: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by a State University of New York Downstate College of Medicine 2009 Research Investment Initiative Program grant (Dr Goldstein).
Previous Presentation: This study was presented as a poster at the American Society of Pediatric Otolaryngology meeting; April 29, 2011; Chicago, Illinois.
Additional Contributions: Ari J. Goldsmith, MD, and Richard M. Rosenfeld, MD, MPH, allowed us to approach their patients for study recruitment.