Submitted for Publication: June 30, 2012; accepted August 16, 2012.
Published Online: October 15, 2012. doi:10.1001/2013.jamaoto.377
Author Contributions: All authors had full access to all the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis. Study concept and design: Fried, Kaye, Gibber, and Sadoughi. Acquisition of data: Kaye, Gibber, Jackman, Paskhover, Sadoughi, Schiff, Fraioli, and Jacobs. Analysis and interpretation of data: Fried, Kaye, Paskhover, and Schiff. Drafting of the manuscript: Kaye, Paskhover, Schiff, and Jacobs. Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Fried, Kaye, Gibber, Jackman, Paskhover, Sadoughi, Schiff, and Fraioli. Statistical analysis: Kaye and Paskhover. Obtained funding: Fried. Administrative, technical, and material support: Fried, Kaye, Gibber, Jackman, Paskhover, and Sadoughi. Study supervision: Fried, Kaye, Gibber, Jackman, Sadoughi, Schiff, and Jacobs.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Fried reports that he is a consultant for Medtronic. Dr Jacobs reports that he is a consultant for GE Navigation and Hemostasis LLC.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by contract W81XWH-05-1-0577 from the Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center (a division of the US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command) from August 24, 2005, through September 23, 2010.
Previous Presentation: This study was presented at the Combined Otolaryngology Spring Meetings of the Triological Society; April 30, 2011; Chicago, Illinois.
Additional Contributions: We acknowledge the following individuals for their contributions: Seth Lebowitz, MD; Biana Lanson, MD; Seth Lieberman, MD; Joseph Jacob, MD; Yosef Gerson, BS; Bryan Tischenkel, MD; Joshua Silver, MD; Michael Zeltsan, MS; Konrad Schroder, BS; Clarence T. Sasaki, MD; and Douglas A. Ross, MD.