Published Online: September 5, 2013. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2013.4505.
Study concept and design: Young, Succar, Ghanem.
Acquisition of data: Young, Succar, Hsu, Talpos.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Young, Talpos, Ghanem.
Drafting of the manuscript: Young, Succar, Hsu, Ghanem.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Talpos, Ghanem.
Statistical analysis: Young, Succar.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Young.
Study supervision: Talpos, Ghanem.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Previous Presentation: This study was presented at the American Head and Neck Society 2013 Annual Meeting; April 11, 2013; Orlando, Florida.
Additional Contributions: Meredith Mahan, MS, Department of Public Health Sciences, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Michigan, assisted with statistical analysis. Ms Mahan is paid for her position by her department. In addition, there exists interdepartmental funding for the study statistics.