Submitted for Publication: February 22; final revision received May 4; accepted June 24.
Study concept and design: Barker, Bowers, Chance, Klembczyk, Brayman, Park, Botchwey.
Acquisition of data: Barker, Bowers, Hughley, Klembczyk, Brayman.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Barker, Bowers, Brayman, Park, Botchwey.
Drafting of the manuscript: Barker, Bowers, Klembczyk, Brayman, Park.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Barker, Bowers, Hughley, Chance, Brayman, Park, Botchwey.
Statistical analysis: Bowers.
Obtained funding: Botchwey.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Barker, Hughley, Klembczyk, Brayman, Park, Botchwey.
Study supervision: Barker, Chance, Park, Botchwey.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported in part by a Leslie Bernstein Grant from the American Association of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.
Additional Contributions: Carter P. Shields prepared the explants for histological processing. This work was completed in the Biomedical Engineering Department at the University of Virginia.