Submitted for Publication: May 16, 2013; final revision received July 3, 2013; accepted July 10, 2013.
Published Online: August 29, 2013. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2013.4448.
Study concept and design: Parakininkas, Werlin, Johnston, Kerschner.
Acquisition of data: Kelly, Parakininkas, Southern, Johnston, Kerschner.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Kelly, Southern, Johnston, Kerschner.
Drafting of the manuscript: Kelly, Parakininkas, Southern, Johnston, Kerschner.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Parakininkas, Werlin, Southern, Johnston, Kerschner.
Statistical analysis: Kelly, Johnston, Kerschner.
Obtained funding: Kerschner.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Parakininkas, Southern, Johnston, Kerschner.
Study supervision: Parakininkas, Werlin, Johnston, Kerschner.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Johnston is a consultant for Koufman Diagnostics LLC. No other disclosures are reported.
Funding/Support: Children’s Hospital and Health System Foundation provided funding for the collection, management, and analysis of the data. The statistical support and interpretation of the data are provided, in part, by grant 1UL1RR031973 from the Clinical and Translational Science Award program of the National Center for Research Resources, National Institutes of Health.
Previous Presentation: This study was presented at the American Society of Pediatric Otolaryngology annual meeting; April 26, 2013; Arlington, Virginia.
Additional Contributions: Aniko Szabo, PhD, provided biostatistics consultation, and Tina L. Samuels, MS, provided assistance in data collection and analysis.