Submitted for Publication: November 1, 2013; final revision received January 2, 2014; accepted January 23, 2014.
Published Online: March 13, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.81.
Study concept and design: All authors.
Acquisition of data: Martin, Beste, Robey.
Analysis and interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Jabbour, Martin, Robey.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Jabbour, Martin.
Obtained funding: Martin.
Administrative, technical, and material support: All authors.
Study supervision: Martin, Robey.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Previous Presentations: This study was presented at the American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery 117th Annual Meeting; October 1, 2013; Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; and Wisconsin Society of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery 2013 Annual Meeting; October 19, 2013; Spring Green, Wisconsin.
Additional Contributions: John Petronovich, MD, Marshfield Clinic, Marshfield, Wisconsin, assisted in compiling the data. Brent Nichols, MD, Medical College of Wisconsin, assisted in auditing the data. Nancy Ghanayem, MD, Angela Birler, MS, CCC-SLP, and Katherine Frontier, MS, CCC-SLP, Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin, assisted in establishing the database. None of these contributors was compensated for involvement in the project.