Submitted for Publication: September 5, 2013; final revision received March 6, 2014; accepted March 17, 2014.
Published Online: May 8, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.612.
Study concept and design: All authors.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Chan, Liming, Horn.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Chan, Horn.
Administrative, technical, or material support: All authors.
Study supervision: Chan, Horn, Parikh.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Disclaimer: The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not reflect the official policy of the Department of the Army, the Department of Defense or the US Government.
Additional Contributions: Babette Saltzman, PhD, Craniofacial Center, provided statistical guidance, and Maida Chen, MD, Pulmonary and Sleep Medicine (both at Seattle Children’s Hospital), contributed to the polysomnographic findings. They were not reimbursed for their contributions.