Submitted for Publication: January 1, 2014; final revision received March 12, 2014; accepted April 1, 2014.
Published Online: May 22, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.757.
Study concept and design: Kronenberger, Beer, Pisoni, Miyamoto.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Kronenberger, Beer, Miyamoto.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Kronenberger, Beer, Castellanos.
Obtaining funding: Kronenberger, Pisoni, Miyamoto.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Kronenberger, Miyamoto.
Study supervision: Kronenberger, Pisoni.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders research grant R01DC009581 (Dr Pisoni).
Role of the Sponsor: The funding source had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and the decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Previous Presentation: Portions of this study will be presented at the 2014 AG Bell Convention; June 28, 2014; Orlando, Florida.
Additional Contributions: We thank Shirley Henning, MS (acquisition of data), Bethany Colson, MA (acquisition of data), Terri Kerr, BA (study coordination, data entry), Allison Ditmars, BS (study coordination, recruitment), Sami Gharbi, MS (database management, programming), all with DeVault Otologic Research Laboratory, Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, and Allison Woody, BS (study coordination and data collection), Riley Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Clinic, Department of Psychiatry, Indiana University School of Medicine, for their help with this study. No persons were compensated solely for production of this study or this article. They are all paid employees of Indiana University School of Medicine.