Submitted for Publication: March 11, 2014; final revision received April 21, 2014; accepted May 7, 2014.
Published Online: June 26, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.1045.
Study concept and design: DeConde, Bodner.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Bodner, Mace, Smith.
Drafting of the manuscript: DeConde, Bodner, Mace, Smith.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: DeConde, Bodner, Mace.
Statistical analysis: Bodner, Mace.
Obtained funding: Mace, Smith.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Mace, Smith.
Study supervision: DeConde, Smith.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Smith and Mr Mace receive partial support from the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders. Dr Smith is also a consultant for IntersectENT Inc, which is not affiliated with this investigation. Dr Bodner is supported by grants from the National Institute of Child Health & Human Development, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and Kaiser Permanente, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, and the US Department of Defense, none of which are associated with funding or publishing this study. No other disclosures are reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by grant R01 DC005805 from the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (Principal Investigator/Project Director: Dr Smith).
Role of Funder/Sponsor: This funding organization did not contribute to the design or conduct of this study; collection, management, analysis, or interpretation of the data; preparation, review, approval or decision to submit this manuscript for publication.