Submitted for Publication: February 27, 2014; final revision received May 14, 2014; accepted May 18, 2014.
Published Online: July 10, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.1169.
Study concept and design: Dugan, Weatherly, Girod, Tsue.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Dugan, Barber.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Weatherly, Girod, Barber, Tsue.
Statistical analysis: Dugan, Weatherly, Barber.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Girod, Tsue.
Supervision: Weatherly, Girod, Tsue.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This project was funded in part by the Department of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery at the University of Kansas Medical Center.
Role of the Sponsor: The funding source had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Additional Contributions: We acknowledge the assistance of Dominick Scalise, PhD, in data entry and preliminary analysis. During part of this study, Dr Scalise was a student at the University of Missouri, Kansas City, and was employed as a research specialist in the Department of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. We also owe a great deal of appreciation to the faculty and residents in the department who gave of their time and actively participated in this project.