Submitted for Publication: June 20, 2014; final revision received July 14, 2014; accepted July 21, 2014.
Published Online: September 11, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.1883.
Study concept and design: Rudmik, K. A. Smith, Soler, T. L. Smith.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Rudmik, Soler, Schlosser.
Drafting of the manuscript: Rudmik, K. A. Smith, T. L. Smith.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Rudmik.
Study supervision: K. A. Smith, Soler, Schlosser, T. L. Smith.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Soler has received support from a grant from the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Institutes of Health (NIDCD/NIH), and served as a consultant for Brainlab. Dr Schlosser has served as a consultant for Brainlab, Olympus, and United Allergy and received grant support from Medtronic, Arthrocare, Intersect ENT Inc, Optinose, and NeilMed. Dr T. L. Smith has served as a consultant for Intersect ENT Inc and received grant support from the NIDCD/NIH. No other disclosures were reported for the other contributing authors.