Submitted for Publication: August 12, 2014; final revision received October 3, 2014; accepted October 24, 2014.
Published Online: December 11, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.3085.
Study concept and design: Boss, Ishman.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Boss, Benke, Tunkel, Bridges, Kim.
Drafting of the manuscript: Boss, Benke, Tunkel, Ishman.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Boss, Benke, Tunkel, Ishman, Bridges, Kim.
Statistical analysis: Boss, Benke, Bridges, Kim.
Obtained funding: Boss.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Boss, Tunkel.
Study supervision: Boss, Bridges.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: Dr Boss is supported by the Johns Hopkins Clinician Scientist Award, grant 1K08 HS22932-01 from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, and the American Society of Pediatric Otolaryngology Career Development Award.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funding institutions had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Previous Presentation: Data from this manuscript were initially presented at the American Society of Pediatric Otolaryngology Annual Meeting; April 26-28, 2013; Crystal City, Virginia.