Submitted for Publication: August 10, 2014; final revision received September 17, 2014; accepted September 28, 2014.
Published Online: January 8, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.3407.
Study concept and design: All authors.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Demesh, Bent.
Drafting of the manuscript: Demesh.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Demesh.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Bent.
Study supervision: Virbalas, Bent.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Previous Presentation: This study was presented as a poster at the American Society of Pediatric Otolaryngology Annual Meeting; May 16, 2014; Las Vegas, Nevada.
Additional Contributions: Hillel W. Cohen, DrPH, MPH, Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine assisted with data analysis, specifically for identifying the most appropriate statistical test for these data, and assisted in the analysis using SPSS for Windows (version 2.0). He was not compensated for his contributions.