Submitted for Publication: September 20, 2014; final revision received November 20, 2014; accepted November 24, 2014.
Published Online: January 22, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.3550.
Study concept and design: All authors.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: All authors.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Kohanski.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Lane.
Study supervision: All authors.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This work was supported by grant AI072502 from the National Institutes of Health (Dr Lane).
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funding source had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Additional Contributions: Gina Paris, BS (Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine) provided technical assistance with epithelial cell culture and quantitative polymerase chain reaction techniques.