Submitted for Publication: August 10, 2014; final revision received November 11, 2014; accepted November 20, 2014.
Published Online: February 19, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.29.
Study concept and design: All authors.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: All authors.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Sharma, Foulad.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Foulad.
Study supervision: Foulad, Verma.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Verma is a consultant for Acclarent, Inc, which, however, did not provide financial support for this study.
Previous Presentation: This study was presented as a poster at the 135th annual American Laryngological Association meeting at the Combined Otolaryngology Spring Meetings; May 14, 2014; Las Vegas, Nevada.
Additional Contributions: Karen Lopez, RN, and Rosa Aya Yamamoto, RN, at the University of California Irvine (UCI) Medical Center operating rooms assisted in the sourcing, sterilization, and storage of materials. Erica Su, BS, assisted with operating room simulation and instrument validation testing. Kathryn E. Osann, PhD, assisted with statistical analysis. Financial compensation was not provided.