Submitted for Publication: September 6, 2014; final revision received December 5, 2014; accepted December 17, 2014.
Published Online: March 12, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.129.
Study concept and design: Mosnier, Sterkers.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Mosnier, Bebear, Marx, Lina-Granade, Sterkers-Artières, Bordure, Robier, Godey, Meyer, Poncet-Wallet, Sterkers.
Drafting of the manuscript: Mosnier.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Mosnier, Bebear, Marx, Fraysse, Truy, Mondain, Bordure, Robier, Godey, Meyer, Frachet, Bouccara, Sterkers.
Statistical analysis: Mosnier.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Mosnier, Bebear, Fraysse, Truy, Mondain, Bordure, Robier, Godey, Meyer, Frachet.
Study supervision: Mosnier.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This work was equally funded by Advanced Bionics AG, Cochlear France, Vibrant Medel Hearing Technology, and Oticon Medical/Neurelec.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funding organizations had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Previous Presentations: Some part of this content was presented orally at the 12th International Conference on Cochlear Implants and other implantable auditory technologies, Baltimore, Maryland; May 4, 2012; at the 13th International Conference on Cochlear Implants and Other Implantable Auditory Technologies; June 18, 2014; Munich, Germany; at the Cochlear Science and Research Seminar on Aging and Implantable Solutions; March 19, 2012; Paris, France; at the international MED-EL Workshop on Hearing Implants for Older Adults; January 16, 2014; New York, New York; and at the Cochlear Science and Research Seminar on Aging and Implantable Solutions; June 17, 2014; Munich, Germany.
Additional Contributions: Amandine Giroux, MS, assisted in the analysis of cognition tests, Blandine Pasquet MS (Unité de Recherche Clinique Nord, Groupe Hospitalier Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris, France), assisted with statistical analysis, Evelyne Ferrary, MD, PhD (Unité Mixte de Recherche-SII59, INSERM 1, Université Paris 6 Pierre et Marie Curie), provided helpful comments during manuscript preparation, and Arach Madjlessi, MD (Service de Gériatrie Aiguë Clinique Alleray Labrouste et Centre Médical Luxembourg, Paris), provided continuing support. No financial reimbursement was provided.