Submitted for Publication: November 20, 2014; final revision received April 13, 2015; accepted April 16, 2015.
Published Online: June 4, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.0929.
Study concept and design: Chambers, Song, Randolph, Hartnick.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Chambers, Hartnick.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Chambers.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Chambers, Raol, Song, Randolph.
Study supervision: Hartnick.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was funded primarily through departmental research funds. Material support was also provided by Medtronic, which supplied the nerve monitoring system and endotracheal tubes for data collection.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: Medtronic had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Previous Presentation: This study was presented as an abstract at the American Society of Pediatric Otolaryngology Annual Meeting; May 17, 2014; Las Vegas, Nevada.