Submitted for Publication: November 15, 2014; final revision received May 4, 2015; accepted May 12, 2015.
Published Online: July 16, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.1219.
Study concept and design: Folmer, Theodoroff, Shi, Griest.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Folmer, Theodoroff.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Folmer, Theodoroff, Griest.
Obtained funding: Folmer.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Theodoroff, Casiana, Shi, Griest, Vachhani.
Study supervision: Folmer, Theodoroff, Shi.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This research was supported by a grant from the US Department of Veterans Affairs Rehabilitation Research and Development Service. Additional support was provided by the Veterans Affairs National Center for Rehabilitative Auditory Research at Portland Veterans Affairs Medical Center.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funding sources had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Previous Presentation: A subset of data in this study was presented at the American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery Foundation 2014 Annual Meeting and OTO EXPO; September 23, 2014; Orlando, Florida.