0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Original Investigation |

Patterns of Hospital Use and Regionalization of Inpatient Pediatric Adenotonsillectomy

Sophie Shay, MD1; Nina L. Shapiro, MD1; Neil Bhattacharyya, MD2
[+] Author Affiliations
1Department of Head and Neck Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California–Los Angeles
2Department of Otology and Laryngology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(2):122-126. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.2935.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Importance  Pediatric adenotonsillectomy is one of the most frequently performed procedures in the United States. Whereas several studies have focused on tonsillectomy techniques and outcomes, little is known about the overall changes in the distribution of care. Variations in care patterns between academic and nonacademic settings may have important financial and educational effects.

Objective  To determine whether regionalization of inpatient pediatric adenotonsillectomy has occurred over the past decade with respect to hospital teaching status and primary expected payer.

Design, Setting, and Participants  Secondary analysis of all inpatient admissions following pediatric adenotonsillectomy (age <18 years) in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample during the calendar years 2000, 2005, and 2010.

Exposure  Inpatient pediatric tonsillectomy.

Main Outcomes and Measures  The percentage distributions of pediatric adenotonsillectomies with respect to hospital teaching status and primary payer were compared according to calendar year to determine temporal changes. Multivariate analysis was conducted with logistic regression to determine year-to-year changes in the proportion of pediatric adenotonsillectomy admissions, controlling for hospital teaching status and expected source of payment.

Results  The estimated numbers of inpatient hospital pediatric adenotonsillectomy stays in the United States in 2000, 2005, and 2010 were 12 879 (SE, 1695), 17 245 (SE, 2276), and 13 732 (SE, 2082), respectively. There was a significant increase in the proportion of children admitted to academic hospitals from 60.1% to 69.8% to 78.6%, respectively (P = .045). With respect to teaching hospitals, the primary expected payer distribution shifted significantly, with an increase in Medicaid recipients from 38.4% to 38.9% to 50.5%, and a decline in private insurance from 57.7% to 51.5% to 43.9% (P = .02).

Conclusions and Relevance  Inpatient pediatric adenotonsillectomies are increasingly being regionalized to academic/teaching hospitals. Concurrently, the proportion of patients using Medicaid as the primary payer has increased for inpatient tonsillectomies in teaching hospitals. Such regionalization has important implications for health care reimbursement and distribution of care.

Figures in this Article

Figures

Place holder to copy figure label and caption
Figure.
Distribution of Primary Expected Payer Source Among Teaching Hospitals for the Calendar Years 2000, 2005, and 2010
Graphic Jump Location

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

268 Views
0 Citations
×

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Articles Related By Topic
Related Collections
Jobs
JAMAevidence.com

The Rational Clinical Examination: Evidence-Based Clinical Diagnosis
Update

The Rational Clinical Examination: Evidence-Based Clinical Diagnosis
Pretest Probabilities and Likelihood Ratios for Clinical Findings

brightcove.createExperiences();