We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Original Investigation |

Bilateral Thyroarytenoid Botulinum Toxin Type A Injection for the Treatment of Refractory Chronic Cough

Humberto C. Sasieta, MD1; Vivek N. Iyer, MD, MPH1; Diana M. Orbelo, PhD, CCC-SLP2; Cynthia Patton, APRN, CNP, DNP1; Rebecca Pittelko, MS, CCC-SLP2; Karina Keogh, MD1; Kaiser G. Lim, MD, PhD1; Dale C. Ekbom, MD2
[+] Author Affiliations
1Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota
2Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(9):881-888. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0972.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Importance  Refractory chronic cough is a debilitating condition with limited therapeutic options. Laryngeal botulinum toxin type A (BtxA) has been anecdotally reported to benefit patients with chronic cough. We report on our experience with the use of BtxA for the treatment of patients with refractory chronic cough.

Objective  To describe the effects of electromyography (EMG)-guided thyroarytenoid (TA) BtxA injection for the treatment of refractory chronic cough.

Design, Setting, and Participants  For this single tertiary referral center retrospective case series, we included all patients with refractory chronic cough who received bilateral EMG-guided TA BtxA injections (n = 22) between July 1, 2013, and July 31, 2014, at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota.

Intervention  Bilateral TA BtxA injection.

Main Outcomes and Measures  The primary outcome is a self-reported improvement of 50% or more in cough severity and/or symptoms by a 2-month follow-up telephone call. Adverse events and patient-reported quality measures were also assessed.

Results  A total of 22 patients (median [interquartile range] age 61 [57.5-85] years; 19 of 22 women) underwent 31 distinct laryngeal BtxA treatment sessions. The primary outcome of self-reported improvement of 50% or more of cough severity and/or symptoms was achieved in 16 of 31 (52%) treatment sessions. Eleven patients (50%) reported greater than 50% improvement after the first BtxA injection. No major complications occurred. Postprocedural liquid dysphagia had a positive predictive value of 84% and negative predictive value of 100% for response to therapy.

Conclusions and Relevance  In this case series, laryngeal BtxA injection was well tolerated in patients with refractory chronic cough with half of participants experiencing at least short-term improvement in their cough. The occurrence of liquid dysphagia after a BtxA injection appeared to be predictive of a beneficial response. The durability of response, patient selection criteria, and optimal BtxA dosage remains to be determined.

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

See Also...
Articles Related By Topic
Related Collections
PubMed Articles