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CLINICAL EXPERIENCES IN SURGICAL TREATMENT OF FACIAL PALSY BY AUTOPLASTIC NERVE GRAFTS:  THE BALLANCE-DUEL METHOD

ARTHUR B. DUEL, M.D.
Arch Otolaryngol. 1932;16(6):767-788. doi:10.1001/archotol.1932.00630040782001.
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At the meeting of the American Otological Society in May, 1931, Sir Charles Ballance of London, England, and I reported the results of a year's research on facial palsy, consisting of surgical experiments on baboons, monkeys, cats and frogs. We had aimed to evolve a method of restoring lost facial function which would eliminate associated movements. Cures hitherto effected by means of an anastomosis of the facial nerve with an adjacent nerve in the neck, such as the spinal accessory, the hypoglossal, the descendens noni and the glossopharyngeal, had invariably been marred by associated movements.

Our experiments were carried out at my country place, where an experimental animal laboratory had been built for the purpose. There, the quiet environment, pure air, sunshine, protection from drafts, cleanliness, careful feeding and kindly treatment by trained attendants insured us against the vitiation of an experiment by the untimely death of

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