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Neuronitis Vestibularis

Janusz Wlodyka, MD
Arch Otolaryngol. 1967;85(3):298-302. doi:10.1001/archotol.1967.00760040300012.
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NYLEN1 in 1924 described a case of sudden attacks of vertigo, spontaneous nystagmus, and unilateral lowering of the reaction to caloric stimulus without any signs of lesion in the acoustic nerve. In 1946 Arslan2 gave the name of the "nucleoreticularis syndrome" to a similar complex of symptoms associated with marked vegetative disregulation. In 1949 Hallpike3 proposed that the syndrome of selective damage to the vestibular canal system of the inner ear should be termed "neuronitis vestibularis." Dix and Hallpike4,5 found, in a clinical study, a high frequency (57%) of infection in the upper respiratory tracts in 100 similar cases. Observations of various large series of cases have subsequently been reported, including those of Pfalz,6 Aschan and Stahle,7 Haas and Becker,8 Kern,9 Podrebersek,10 Meyer-Leddin,11 Lumio and Aho,12 and Boffi.13 The morbitiy of neuronitis vestibularis is not of an epidemic


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