We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Prevention of Lower Lid Retraction and Ectropion in Lower Lid Blepharoplasty

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1989;115(5):553. doi:10.1001/archotol.1989.01860290011001.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


At the recent fall meeting of the American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery in Washington, DC, Bruce B. Becker, Encino, Calif, noted ectropions to be one of the most common complications after lower lid blepharoplasty. He feels that the incidence of this complication can be reduced by a thorough preoperative evaluation and careful surgical technique. He felt that the major causes of postblepharoplasty ectropions were uncorrected horizontal lid laxity, excessive skin excision, and vertical retraction of the lid from scarring or orbicularis muscle shortening. Careful preoperative evaluation was felt to be very important, with special attention directed at evaluation of lower lid laxity. Two tests were recommended for evaluation of lower lid laxity: the snap test, in which the lower lid is pulled away from the globe and allowed to snap back, and the pinch test, where the distance the lower lid can be pulled from the globe


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.