To correlate the recurrence of temporalis fascia graft perforation and retraction in adults and children after tympanoplasty for chronic tubotympanic otitis and deep attic retraction pockets with age, pathologic process, mucosal lesions, mucociliary transport time, chronic sinusitis, and lateral attic wall reconstruction.
Tertiary referral center.
Two hundred seventy-four adult ears and 41 child ears were operated on for chronic tubotympanic otitis, 50 adult ears were operated on for traumatic tympanic membrane rupture, and 56 adult ears were operated on for attic retraction pockets.
Underlay tympanoplasty with or without mastoidectomy and lateral attic wall reconstruction for attic retraction pockets. Mucociliary transport time was investigated using saccharin testing.
Main Outcome Measures
Recurrent perforation, recurrent attic retraction, and temporalis fascia graft retraction were evaluated.
Higher incidences of recurrent perforation were found in adults operated on for tubotympanic otitis vs traumatic tympanic membrane rupture (P = .02) and in children (P = .004), especially those 9 years and younger (P = .02). A risk factor in adults was chronic sinusitis (risk ratio, 35.0; 95% confidence interval, 32.1-38.2; P = .004). Temporalis fascia graft retraction correlated with slower mucociliary transport time in adults (P < .001). A lower incidence of recurrent attic retraction was associated with lateral attic wall reconstruction (P < .001).
Recurrent temporalis fascia graft perforation after tympanoplasty for tubotympanic otitis may be related to age and coexisting chronic sinusitis. Temporalis fascia graft retraction correlates with slower mucociliary transport time in the eustachian tube. Lateral attic wall reconstruction minimizes recurrent attic retraction in adults.