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 Showing 1-20 of 26 Articles
Case Report/Case Series 
Mary Theresa Adams, MD; Michael Wilhelm, MD; Niten Singh, MD; Charles Andersen, MD

Importance  Dysphagia is a common condition with multiple causes. Fortunately, a thorough evaluation will often lead to a correct diagnosis, even when the cause is a rare entity. A right aortic arch with associated aberrant left subclavian artery is an uncommon anatomical variant. Physicians involved in the ...

Original Investigation  FREE
Joseph L. Russell, MD; Nai-Wei Chen, PhD; Shani J. Ortiz, MD; Travis P. Schrank, MD, PhD; Yong-Fang Kuo, PhD; Vicente A. Resto, MD, PhD
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Several recent US studies have documented racial disparities in head and neck cancer outcomes, but few have investigated racial and ethnic differences in salivary gland cancer (SGCA) survival.

Objective  To determine whether patient race or ethnicity affects SGCA survival.

Design, Setting, and Participants  Retrospective ...

Original Investigation 
Josephine A. Czechowicz, MD; Kay W. Chang, MD

Importance  Several studies have documented that children gain more weight than expected after adenotonsillectomy.

Objectives  To examine patterns of change in weight and stature percentiles in children after adenotonsillectomy and to analyze clinical and demographic correlates of shifts in the growth curve.

Design, Setting, and Participants...

Original Investigation 
Erik G. Nelson, MD; Raul Hinojosa, MD

Importance  Otosclerotic bone has been observed to penetrate the endosteal layer of the cochlea, resulting in direct contact with the soft-tissue structures of the inner ear. Sensorineural hearing loss has been observed in some, but not all, of these cases. The development of histologic changes occurring in ...

Original Investigation 
Alexis T. Roy, MSc; Lindsay Scattergood-Keepper, BA, BM; Courtney Carver, AuD; Patpong Jiradejvong, MSc; Caty Butler; Charles J. Limb, MD

Importance  A number of studies have investigated music perception in adult cochlear implant (CI) users. However, little is known about how pediatric CI users perceive and process music, in part because suitable methods for assessing music perception in this population are lacking. Therefore, we developed the Music ...

Original Investigation 
Joshua J. Thom, MD; Eric J. Moore, MD; Daniel L. Price, MD; Jan L. Kasperbauer, MD; Sidney J. Starkman, MD; Kerry D. Olsen, MD

Importance  Metastatic cutaneous malignancies of the head and neck, including cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) and malignant melanoma (MM), are aggressive cancers frequently involving the parotid-area lymph nodes (LNs). In such cases, controversy exists about the extent of surgical resection, with many centers choosing not to remove ...

Clinical Problem Solving 
Pooja H. Doshi, MD; Benjamin Roman, MD; Jessica Lim, MD; Deborah R. Shatzkes, MD
Clinical Problem Solving 
Eric W. Cerrati, MD; David Myssiorek, MD
Invited Commentary 
Ralph P. Tufano, MD, MBA; Gregory W. Randolph, MD
Holsinger and colleagues1 studied a series of 255 patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) undergoing total thyroidectomy (TT) and report on the rates of radioactive iodine (RAI) bed uptake and serum thyroglobulin (Tg) positivity subsequent to surgery. Postoperative cervical RAI uptake and Tg positivity after thyroid cancer surgery can be ...
Original Investigation 
F. Christopher Holsinger, MD; Uma Ramaswamy, MD; Maria E. Cabanillas, MD; Juntian Lang, MD; Heather Y. Lin, PhD; Naifa L. Busaidy, MD; Elizabeth Grubbs, MD; Sania Rahim, MD; Erich M. Sturgis, MD, MPH; Jeffrey E. Lee, MD; Randal S. Weber, MD; Gary L. Clayman, DDS, MD; Eric M. Rohren, MD

Importance  Despite performing total thyroidectomy (TT), postoperative radioactive iodine (RAI) imaging often demonstrates the presence of residual thyroid tissue within the operative bed.

Objective  To measure the extent of TT using postoperative RAI imaging and assessing serum thyroglobulin (Tg) level for patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma ...

Original Investigation 
J. Bruce Tomblin, PhD; Jacob J. Oleson, PhD; Sophie E. Ambrose, PhD; Elizabeth Walker, PhD; Mary Pat Moeller, PhD
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Hearing loss (HL) in children can be deleterious to their speech and language development. The standard of practice has been early provision of hearing aids (HAs) to moderate these effects; however, there have been few empirical studies evaluating the effectiveness of this practice on speech and ...

Clinical Problem Solving 
Michael S. Harris, MD; Dominic J. Vernon, BS; Michael A. Agostino, MD
Clinical Problem Solving 
Michael B. Hall, MD; Carolina V. Guimaraes, MD; Heather C. Nardone, MD
Case Report/Case Series 
Lorissa Mews, MD; Andre Isaac, MD, BMSc; Norma Leonard, MD; Atilano G. Lacson, MD; Zeinab Ali AlQudehy, MD; Hamdy El-Hakim, MD, FRCSC

Importance  Diprosopus is a medical condition that refers to full or partial craniofacial duplication. A particular subset of this condition, duplication of the mouth, is an exceedingly rare condition, with 7 reported cases in the medical literature. The embryogenesis and mechanism of disease are not well understood. ...

Topics: cyst mouth
Original Investigation 
Woo-Jin Jeong, MD; Sun Joo Lee, MD; Won Yong Lee, MD; Hyun Chang, MD; Soon-Hyun Ahn, MD

Importance  Classically, surgery has been the mainstay of management for vocal fold (VF) polyps. However, a significant portion of patients experience spontaneous regression and may not require surgery.

Objectives  To report the results of conservative management for VF polyps, identify patients with polyps that are more ...

Clinical Problem Solving 
Tiffany Mathias, BS; John Carter, MD; Paul Friedlander, MD
It started out as a typical Saturday “call” shift during the spring of my postgraduate year 2 of residency. I had been called to evaluate an airway for suspected angioedema at one of the local emergency departments that the Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, University of Tennessee, covers. The ...
Case Report/Case Series 
Ashley M. Bauer, BS; Russell B. Smith, MD; William E. Thorell, MD

Importance  Carotid body tumors are rare neoplasms of neural crest origin that are both highly vascularized and locally invasive. Treatment options for these tumors often include surgery with preoperative embolization, which can pose major cardiovascular risk to patients. As demonstrated by this case report, hemodynamic instability following ...

Original Investigation 
Alexandra G. Espinel, MD; Rahul K. Shah, MD; Mary Catherine Beach, MD, MPH; Emily F. Boss, MD, MPH

Importance  Reviews of patient and caregiver experience with health practitioners are increasingly important to consumers. Understanding physician qualities valued by patients and their families may facilitate more effective care and communication.

Objective  To identify physician qualities and care dimensions valued by parents during their child’s outpatient ...

Original Investigation 
Wesley R. McIlwain, BS; Amit J. Sood, BA; Shaun A. Nguyen, MD, MA; Terry A. Day, MD

Importance  This study addresses the most common initial symptoms of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) and investigates differences between human papillomavirus (HPV)–positive vs HPV-negative tumors.

Objectives  To analyze the most common initial symptoms in patients with OPSCC and to determine if any differences in initial symptoms ...

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